Geddes Law Firm Log
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Welcome to the
Geddes Law Firm!

Our Practice Focuses On:


We represent plaintiffs, who are:



Including that based on:

  • Disabilities
  • Workplace Injuries
  • Gender
  • Sexual Orientation
  • Race & Color
  • National Origin
  • Religion
  • Age over 40
  • Whistle-blower Activity
  • Military Service


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We Focus on Employment Law.

We help employees who have been wronged by their employers.

Whether you have been turned down for a job, demoted, denied a promotion, fired, or harassed, we're here to help you! We're in your corner!

We're here because
Bad Employers Happen.

We understand the horrible things that can happen to a good worker on the job.

Just take a look at the Profiles in Discrimination on this website, and you'll see what we mean!


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Is HR Out to Get You?

Your employer might want you to think that its Human Resources (HR) Department cares about you as a human. Think again. HR doesn't stand for "humane resources."

You might feel that HR is out to get you.
You might be right.

We understand the horrible things that can happen to a good worker on the job. Just take a look at the Profiles in Discrimination on this website, and you'll see what we mean!

We are not surprised by the games HR operatives play. They are sophisticated and seem to dream up ways of firing employees—or harassing them until they quit—under elaborate pretexts.

But employer pretexts that aim to disguise unlawful acts of discrimination can be laid bare in a court of law.

And if you are being pressured by your employer to quit your job, think twice. Your employer may know something about the law that you don't. Quitting can actually prevent you from winning a lawsuit against your employer under anti-discrimination laws. Quitting can also prevent you from collecting unemployment.

This is why employers often strategize to harass you so much that you quit—rather than fire you. Before quitting your job due to harassment and discrimination, give us a call to learn about your rights under the law, 775.853.9455. We're here to help you when bad employers happen.



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Jake Was An Electrical Worker.

A client we will call "Jake" was an electrical worker. He slipped and fell when climbing a pole and was injured on the job. Jake believed that his employer did not like that he was injured and wanted to get rid of him.

Jake thought that his employer suspended him on a pretext, when his boss claimed that he violated some obscure company policy. Days later, Jake was fired.

Jake couldn't get a new job locally, after the company falsely accused him of crimes!

Jake was forced to move out of the state, to find work. Jake turned to our office for help. We pursued claims, including Disability Discrimination under the ADA and defamation. The case was later resolved.



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Dr. Ko Testified In Support of a Co-Worker.

A client we will call "Dr. Ko" worked in the medical field. Dr. Ko cooperated in an EEOC investigation against his employer regarding the firing of a co-worker. The co-worker claimed his firing was racially motivated.

After being a witness in support of his co-worker's racial-discrimination claim, Dr. Ko was fired. Dr. Ko believed that he was fired in retaliation for his cooperation in his co-worker's EEOC investigation. Such firings are unlawful.

Dr. Ko was not surprised by this blatant retaliation.

Dr. Ko retained our office to protect and vindicate his legal rights. We pursued claims against the employer, including under the anti-retaliation provisions of Title VII, and the case was later resolved.


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Shawna Suffered Discrimination. Twice.

A client we will call "Shawna" worked as an administrative assistant for a company that sold products on the Internet. One day, Shawna's boss told her to go home and change her hairstyle, which he didn't like.

But there was nothing wrong with the way her hair was groomed. Shawna wore her hair in a natural style for an African American, and it was well groomed in a curly, kinky style.

Shawna's boss learned that she was contacting HR, to complain of his racism, so he fired her!

Her boss then tried to cover-up this act of discrimination by offering Shawna a different job at the company, working in the warehouse for less pay. Things quickly went downhill from there.

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Shawna's Troubles at Work Only Worsened.

First, a manager at the warehouse kept calling Shawna by a different name, which Shawna described as a "ghetto" variation of her name,to belittle her. The manager called her this name even after Shawna repeatedly told her not to do so.

Shawna believed this was racial harassment. Second, the warehouse would not let Shawna bring her medication with her to work, which caused her to suffer a certain allergic reaction one day, necessitating her to go to the hospital.

Third, the company had supervisors go to Shawna's work area and stare at her for long periods of time. This was intimidating, as they were looking for her to make a mistake or work too slowly.

But Shawna's warehouse productivity met quotas. She was a good worker, even under pressure. Yet, Shawna felt that that they did this to harass her.

Fourth, when Shawna complained about this mistreatment and harassment, two managers hurried her into an office and berated her. She tried to leave.

But the managers blocked the door, grabbed her, and sat her down roughly in the chair.

When she finally escaped, Shawna marched directly to the police station. She filled out a police report against her supervisors for false imprisonment, assault, and battery.

She was forced by this hostile work environment to resign from her job—i.e., she was constructively discharged. Shawna turned to our office for help.

We pursued claims against the employer, including for racial discrimination and harassment under Title VII, disability discrimination under the ADA, battery, and false imprisonment. The case was later resolved.


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Jan's Office Had a Stalker.

A client we will call "Jan" worked as an administrative assistant in a healthcare clinic. A supervisor became romantically interested in Jan and paid her an unwelcome visit to her home late at night. He banged on the windows and frightened Jan and her children. She wouldn't let him in her house.

Jan later obtained a restraining order against him and reported the matter to her supervisors at work. But they did not seem to take her concerns seriously. They made excuses for this "stalker" and, at one point, even blamed Jan—the victim!

The company offered to reduce Jan's work schedule, to lessen her exposure to the stalker at work.

But Jan didn't need less work or pay. She just needed the stalker gone!

Jan felt that the company would not protect her from the stalker, who continued to work at the clinic. He would sometimes glare at her, when passing by her office window. Jan was done with feeling harassed and unsafe at work.

After her employer failed to help Jan, she resigned—a forced resignation—to protect her wellbeing. She felt that the company was unwilling to take prompt, appropriate, and corrective action against the supervisor.

Jan turned to our office for help. We pursued claims against the employer, including sexual harassment and discrimination under Title VII. The case was later resolved.


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Milo's Boss Wouldn't Leave Bad Enough Alone.

A client we will call "Milo" worked in the investment field. He had disabilities. His male supervisor often asked Milo to invite him to his home.

The supervisor continued to make unwelcome sexual advances and comments toward Milo, including by pantomiming lewd gestures to Milo. Milo was very uncomfortable with such advances and rejected them.

One day, Milo's boss grabbed him and simulated a sex act on him, in front of other workers.

This occurred at a company function. Milo was humiliated. The encounter also injured Milo, exacerbating his disabilities. He became very despondent. Milo complained to the company, but the company claimed that no sexual harassment had occurred.

Milo demanded an investigation and said he had filed a discrimination claim with government.

Milo's other boss told him that filing an EEOC discrimination claim was unnecessary.

He feared that he would be fired. Milo turned to our office for help. We pursued claims against the employer and the supervisor, including for sexual harassment and discrimination under Title VII and the ADA, and battery. The case was later resolved.


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Julio Was a Victim of Sexual Stereotyping.

A client we will call "Julio" worked as a male nurse in a medical facility. Julio had a very slight build, weighing about 120 pounds. A workplace rule required nurses, who weighed less than a patient being moved, to call for a second nurse to help move the patient.

The female nurses thought that, because Julio was a man, he should be "stepping up more," and they complained when he often required their assistance moving heavy patients. But such complaints were based on stereotypes of men and women.

Julio's male supervisor cornered him one day and told Julio to "man up" and stop asking the female nurses to help him lift and move heavy patients.

One fateful day, Julio had to move a heavy patient, and he called for another nurse to help him lift the patient. Julio's female supervisor intervened and ordered Julio to move the patient, without assistance. Julio explained that the patient was too heavy for him to move alone, and that he feared dropping her. This was a patient-safety issue.

But because he was a male nurse, he was expected to lift beyond his physical capabilities, while the female nurses were not—all because of stereotypes of men and women. This supervisor said, "do it now!" Julio reluctantly obeyed her command.

Predictably, Julio was injured when he tried to move the patient by himself. As he began to fall, he was able to prevent the patient from getting injured. But Julio hurt his shoulder and had to seek medical treatment.

HR Fail: When Julio came back to work the next shift, he was fired.

Julio believed that his employer did not want to keep him around because of his work-place injuries, which were disabilities under the ADA. He also believed that his employer fired him because of gender stereotypes about males and females.

Julio turned to our office for help. We pursued claims against the employer, including disability discrimination under the ADA and gender discrimination under Title VII, based on gender stereotyping. The case was later resolved.


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Are They Still Talking About You?

Sorry to break the bad news to you, but HR's fun and games might not be over after you are fired or forced to quit due to harassment, retaliation, and discrimination.

Long after you are gone, your employer might still have untruthful and disparaging things to say about you to future employers, making it hard for you to find another job.

Just take a look at "Jake's" profile (Profile No. 1) to see what happened to him! He had to move to a different state to find work, after the bad-mouthing he received from his employer. Word spreads fast—whether true or false!

Losing the job you had is bad enough, but losing the job you could have had is maddening.

If your former employer is giving false, negative references about you to prospective employers, it needs to stop! Give us a call at 775.853.9455 to see how we might help you.


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Workers Have Rights Under the ADA.

Title I of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) provides that no employer with 15 or more employees can discriminate against a qualified individual with a disability because of the employee's disability.

The ADA defines an individual with a disability as a person who:
  1. has a physical or mental impairment that substantially limits a major life activity;
  2. has a record or history of a substantially limiting impairment; or
  3. is regarded or perceived by an employer as having a substantially limiting impairment.
Employers motivated by one's disability, when taking adverse employment action, violate the ADA.

Here, the ADA's requirement that the person be a "qualified individual" means that the applicant who has a disability—like all other applicants—be able to meet the employer's job requirements, such as education, training, employment experience, skills, or licenses.

Thus, a disabled applicant must be able to perform the "essential functions" of the job—i.e., the fundamental duties—either on her own or with the help of "reasonable accommodation" from the employer. But an employer does not have to provide an unreasonable accommodation. An unreasonable accommodation is one that will cause "undue hardship" to the employer, which means "significant difficulty or expense."

Examples of reasonable accommodations can include:
  • providing or modifying equipment or devices;
  • restructuring the job;
  • providing part-time or modified work schedules;
  • reassigning one to a vacant position;
  • modifying training, tests, or policies;
  • providing readers and interpreters; and
  • making the workplace readily accessible to and usable by people with disabilities.

Two disability scenarios arise in the workplace that can implicate employer violations of the ADA:

  • pre-existing disabilities; and
  • disabilities arising after one has already started the job.


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Birth Conditions Can Be ADA Disabilities.

Some pre-existing disabilities are obvious, and some are not. For either type, the ADA prohibits employers from asking a job applicant questions about such disabilities, before making a job offer—i.e., during the pre-offer period. This rule is so strict that employers cannot even ask indirect questions that are likely to reveal the existence of a disability.

During the pre-offer period, an employer cannot request that a job applicant submit to a medical examination.

However, after a job offer has been made, an employer can condition the offer on the prospective employee passing a required medical examination. But the employer can only do this if all entering employees for that job category have to submit to the medical examination.

After such medical examinations, employers cannot reject prospective employees based on information about their disabilities revealed by the medical examination, unless the reasons for rejection are job-related and necessary for the conduct of the employer's business.

But the employer cannot reject persons offered employment because of their disability if they can perform the essential functions of the job with a reasonable accommodation.

Once an applicant has been hired and has started work, an employer cannot require that the worker take a medical examination. As well the employer cannot ask questions about a worker's disability unless they are related to the job and necessary for conducting the employer's business.

However, employers may conduct voluntary medical examinations that are part of an employee health program, and may provide medical information required by State workers' compensation laws to the agencies that administer such laws. Importantly, employers must keep results of all medical examinations confidential, and maintained in separate medical files.


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Workplace Injuries Can Be ADA Disabilities.

Some disabilities are not pre-existing, but arise or manifest after one becomes employed. Employers who are motivated to get rid of an employee for such newly-discovered disabilities often violate the ADA.

And never underestimate the debilitating nature of workplace injuries. Injuries at work often give rise to worker's-compensation claims. Worker's-compensation-claim injuries can also be disabilities under the ADA.

Adverse actions taken against an injured worker can amount to disability discrimination under the ADA.

Keep that in mind, if your employer suddenly fires you after a workplace injury!

Look at the Profiles of Discrimination on this website for "Jake" and "Julio." Their ADA disabilities arose suddenly, from workplace injuries. "Jake" injured his back, and "Julio" injured his shoulder. Their employers apparently didn't want to keep them around, after they became disabled. They were summarily fired under a pretext, after they became injured. If you were injured at work and then later fired, your employer might have violated the ADA. Give us a call at 775.853.9455 to discuss this more.

Some pre-existing disabilities might require ongoing medical treatment after one becomes employed. For example, a person with a blood condition might require routine doctor visits, or a diabetic might need to step away from her workstation to take insulin on a daily basis. In both of these examples, the employee might need an employer accommodation of taking time off of work—for example, two hours a week, to see a doctor, or twice a day for 5 minutes, to take insulin.

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Ongoing Medical Treatment Can Be An ADA Accommodation.

Other pre-existing disabilities can lie dormant and flare up after one becomes employed. For example, an employee's skin cancer might have been in remission for the first three years of her employment, but suddenly a skin growth appears that suggests that cancer has returned. In such a situation, the employee might request unpaid time off from work for a biopsy, surgery, and recuperation—say 3 weeks—but an employer might refuse the request and threaten to fire the employee for doing so.

The ADA can require an employer to give a worker unpaid medical leave, unless doing so presented a significant difficulty or expense.

Absent such an accommodation being unreasonable, the employee would have the right to take such unpaid medical leave—even if the worker had no accrued vacation time or FMLA time available.

Take a look at the profiles of "Shawna" and "Milo" on this website. Their pre-existing disabilities only became an issue after they were employed. "Shawna" had a life-threatening allergy, that, if triggered, could require hospitalization. "Milo" had a mood-disorder that required him to take medication.

"Shawna's" employer interfered with her ability to bring her inhaler and medication to work. "Milo's" supervisor took adverse actions against him, based on his mental impairments. So, "Shawna" and "Milo's" claims were based, in part, on violations of the ADA, relating to their pre-existing disabilities that created issues after they were on the job.

The point is that ADA discrimination can happen to employees, not merely job applicants. Either way, don't be a victim to ADA discrimination. If your rights are being violated, give us a call at 775.853.9455.


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Medical Procedures Can Be A Reasonable ADA Accommodation.

So these types of situations, where an employer refuses to allow a worker to take unpaid medical leave is one example of an employer's failure to accommodate a disability.

Other examples of an employer's failure to accommodate include an employer's refusal to improve the lighting at a work station for a sight-impaired individual, or an employer's refusal to modify a work-station area to allow more room for a wheel-chair-bound worker to maneuver.

As discussed in the Pregnancy Law section of this website, disabilities relating to pregnancy must also be accommodated.

Just remember that employers are required to reasonably accommodate disabled workers. It's not just a nice idea—it's the law.

If your employer is refusing to reasonably accommodate your disability, or if your employer is taking some form of adverse action against you,based on your disability, give us a call at 775.853.9455.

To get a better understanding of what "adverse action" means, please see the section on this website, entitled "Adverse Action."


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An Employer Has Many Ways to Hurt You
(Without Actually Firing You)

Keep in mind that you don't have to be fired to invoke your rights under the ADA. Instead, you have rights against "adverse actions."

"Adverse actions" are defined as those that materially affect the compensation, terms, conditions, or privileges of your employment."
Adverse actions can include:
  • Being fired or laid off;
  • Being suspended without pay;
  • Being denied medical leave;
  • Being denied time off to see a doctor;
  • Being demoted;
  • Being denied a promotion;
  • Having your pay cut or docked;
  • Having your work schedule reduced;
  • Not being re-hired;
  • Being reassigned to a different job;
  • Getting disciplinary write-ups;
  • Getting false "Personal Improvement Plans";
  • Getting marked AWOL for medical visits;
  • Being transferred to a different job location;
  • Being denied worker benefits; and
  • Not having your disability accommodated.


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Retaliation is Unlawful uder the ADA.

The ADA prohibits employers from retaliating against an employee for seeking an accommodation under the ADA, opposing an employer practice that is unlawful under the ADA, or for cooperating in an investigation against an employer for an alleged violation of the ADA.

Why does ADA retaliation happen? Some believe that revenge is hard-wired into the human brain.

One Research Study, for example, showed that human-brain scans indicated that the "pleasure-centers" of the brain "lit up," when one exacted revenge on another. We might apply that theory of "sweet revenge" to the employment setting.

Think about it. Does your boss like to be told what to do? By a subordinate like you? Sometimes, bosses don't like to be bossed around—that is why they wanted to be bosses in the first place.

Sometimes employers don't like workers making requests for a disability accommodation. Sometimes they don't like workers complaining that the employer's practices and work environment do not comply with the ADA.

Some employers don't like employees defending the rights of other workers who are disabled. But such thoughts conflict with the law because providing reasonable accommodations to disabled workers is required under the ADA.

As well, the ADA protects workers who complain about non-compliance with the ADA or stick up for the rights of disbled workers.

Some employers feel put out, having to accommodate a worker's disability—especially if doing so is inconvenient or costs money.
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Retaliation Can Be Stopped in A Court of Law.

So, some employers retaliate against such workers, to send a message: don't trouble us with your requests for accommodation, complaints of our non-compliance, or rabble-rousing for the cause of others who are disabled. But employers do so at their own peril. If a jury concludes that an employer had such motivations, it could issue a costly verdict against the employer under the ADA.

Juries can see through the faked efforts of employers who build up phony personnel files against such workers—which can include dubious or vague write-ups, suddenly-poor-performance evaluations, and weird performance-improvement plans. Sound familiar? Juries can figure out that faked reasons for punishing a worker were merely a cover or pretext aimed to disguise unlawful ADA retaliation.

Confucious said, "Before you embark on a journey of revenge, dig two graves." And so it is with ADA retaliation.

Employers who retaliate against workers dig two graves; yours and theirs. While your grave is dug first—when they punish you—their grave is dug later—in a court of law. But only if you protect your rights! Don't let unlawful retaliation stand. If you're having these types of problems, please give us a call, at 775.853.9455.


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Everyone Deserves The Dignity of Work.

Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 provides that no employer with 15 or more employees can discriminate against a job applicant or an employee, on the basis of his or her gender (including sexual orientation, i.e., stereotyping by gender), race, color, religion, or national origin.

Covered employers who are motivated by any of these traits when taking adverse action against workers violate Title VII.


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can be based on
two opposing ideas.

First, it can be based on the attraction of one person toward another, which is obviously based on the victim's sex or gender.

Alternatively, it can be based on one's dislike, aversion, or disfavor of another, based on the victim's gender, sexual orientation, or non-conformity with gender stereotypes.


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Sexual Harassment is Unlawful Under Title VII.

Quid-pro-quo is a Latin phrase which means "something for something."

Quid-pro-quo sexual harassment occurs when a supervisor uses his or her power to coerce a subordinate to relent to some type of sexual activity.

The threat or promise, stated or implied, is that the subordinate will avoid some adverse action (like being fired) or gain some benefit (like being promoted), if the subordinate subjects herself or himself to sexual activity with the supervisor.

The sexual activity need not involve actual, physical contact, but can take the form of sex-talk, for the purpose of gratifying the supervisor. Such behavior can be in person, on the phone, or through messages.


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How Does One Escape a Hostile Work Environment?

A hostile work environment based on sex is unwelcome conduct in the workplace based on one's gender. In one paradigm, a worker may be attracted to a co-worker based on gender, and in another paradigm, a co-worker may dislike a co-worker based on gender.

The offensive conduct giving rise to a hostile work environment can include:
  • offensive jokes, slurs, epithets or name calling;
  • physical assaults or threats, intimidation, ridicule or mockery, insults or put-downs;
  • offensive objects or pictures; and
  • interference with work performance.
A hostile work environment exists when an employer's offensive conduct is motivated by the victim's gender.

How do victims of repeated, unwanted sexual advances escape a hostile work environment? One way is to apply the rule of law as it was intended to be applied. Victims have the absolute right to get rid of a gender-based hostile work environment. The law is on their side.

Harassment can occur in a variety of circumstances, such as, the following:
  • The harasser can be the victim's supervisor, a supervisor in another area, an agent of the employer, a co-worker, or a non-employee;
  • The victim does not have to be the person harassed, but can be anyone affected by the offensive conduct; and
  • Unlawful harassment may occur without economic injury to, or discharge of, the victim.

If you are having these kinds of problem at work, please give us a call, as "Jan," of Profile No. 3, did. You can reach us at 775.853.9455.

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Historically-Male Work Environments Can Be Hostile to Women.

It is obvious how sexual attraction can create a hostile work environment. Similarly, repulsion of another, based on gender, can also create a hostile work environment.

Consider historically-one-gender work environments, such as mining for men, and nursing for women.

Managers in these fields might sometimes harbor sexist beliefs, whether consciously or unconsciously. Consider Julio's story in Profile No. 6 on this website. He was a male nurse, subject to gender-stereotyping and hostility by his female counterparts and supervisors. Such gender biases can lead to harassment.

But also keep in mind that those who create hostile work environments don't always target members of a different gender—they can sometimes act adversely against members of their own sex. A woman once advised our office that her female manager told her that she did not like working with women—shortly before firing the woman. A jury could have considered whether the manager's statement showed hostility toward women in the workplace.

And transgender workers can also be targets of a hostile work environment, based on sexual stereotyping.

As seen in Profile Nos. 4 and 5 of the Profiles in Discrimination on this website, "Jan" and "Milo" both complained of sex discrimination, based on attraction. "Jan" and "Milo" were subject to repeated, unwanted sexual advances. On the other hand, Profile 6 shows us that "Julio" was sexually harassed, based on a theory of repulsion.

Recall that "Julio" was a male nurse—a field historically dominated by females. In the eyes of the female nurses and "Julio's" supervisors, "Julio" did not conform to gender stereotypes about males "manning up" with their physical strength. One of Julio's harrasing supervisors was a female and the other male. Their disapproval and resulting harassment of "Julio" arose because of the belief that, as a male, "Julio" failed to conform to gender stereotypes. Both types of harassment are forms of sex discrimination, and they are prohibited under Title VII.

Title VII is not a general civility code, and simple teasing, off-hand comments, and isolated incidents (unless extremely serious) will usually not amount to discriminatory changes in the terms and conditions of employment.

Instead, a jury can find that unlawful harassment exists when:
  • enduring the offensive conduct becomes a condition of continued employment; or
  • the conduct is severe or pervasive enough to create a work environment that a reasonable person would consider intimidating, hostile, or abusive.

Hostile work environments don't need to linger on and on. Put an end to them. The law is on your side. If you or someone you know is the victim of a hostile work environment based on sex, please call us at 775.853.9455 to talk about this.


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Many Faces From Many Places. All are Protected Under Title VII.

Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 also prohibits employers who have 15 or more employees from discriminating against a job applicant or an employee, on the basis of his or her:

  • RELIGION; or

Sometimes, employers act out on prejudices against workers born in foreign countries. If you were not born in America, and are being treated badly because of this fact, then your employer might be breaking the law.

"Jake" alleged that his supervisor once told him that a rural county in Nevada was not a bad place to work, "except for all the Mexicans."

If that supervisor took adverse action against a Mexican worker—including by not hiring him or her—then a jury might have been permitted to determine whether such adverse action was motivated by the supervisor's dislike of Mexicans.

If that jury concluded there was such prejudice, then the company would likely have been found liable for a Title VII violation, based on the worker's national origin of Mexico.

If your religion motivates your employer to take adverse action against you—or if your employer engages in favoritism of another co-worker because his or her religion or non-religion, then your employer is likely breaking the law.
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There Is No Place for Division Based on Race.

As for race discrimination, in Profile No. 3, we saw that Shawna was discriminated against on the basis of her race, when her employer sent her home to "fix her hair," merely because it was worn in a well-groomed African-American hairstyle.

This is a blatant form of race discrimination, that did not go unanswered. Shawna filed a charge of discrimination against her employer.

Don't let your employer discriminate against you, on the basis of sex, national origin, religion, or race! If you or someone you know is the victim of Title VII discrimination, including harassment or retaliation, please call us at 775.853.9455 to talk about this.


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Title VII Retaliation is Unlawful.

Employers cannot retaliate against an employee for opposing employer practices that are unlawful under Title VII of the Civil Rights Act, or for cooperating in an investigation against the employer for violations of Title VII of the Civil Rights Act.

Chief among likely reasons for employer retaliation under Title VII is basic revenge, as discussed at length in the ADA Retaliation section of this website.

As we see in Profile No. 2 on this website, Dr. Ko was fired when he cooperated in an investigation of a racial-discrimination claim filed by a co-worker. This gave rise to a charge of unlawful retaliation against the employer by Dr. Ko. Thus, the employer had to deal with two claims—the underlying racial-discrimination claim of the co-worker and Dr. Ko's retaliation claim.

It doesn't pay for employers to pay you back with revenge—but you must protect or vindicate your rights!

Let us try to help you. If you think your rights under Title VII of the Civil Rights Act have been violated, talk to us about what is going on. We're just a call away at 775.853.9455.


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Members of the Armed Forces Have Return-to-Work Rights.

If you are a member of the Uniformed Services, thank you for your service! If you had to leave your civilian job, due to the activation of your military service, you may have rights protected under the Uniformed Services Employment & Re-employment Act of 1994 ("USERRA").

If USERRA applies in your case, an employer cannot take adverse action against you because of your status as a past or present member of the Uniformed Services.

More specifically, an employer may not:
  • Fire you;
  • Deny you re-employment;
  • Deny you promotion; or
  • Deny you employment benefits.
Under USERRA, eligible workers must be restored to the job and benefits they would have attained if they hadn't been absent due to military service.

If you're having these types of problems, give us a call at 775.853.9455. Let us fight to take back your job!


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Pregnant Women Have Rights Under Title VII, the ADA, and the PDA.

Pregancy rights arise under the Pregnancy Discrimination Act of 1978 ("PDA") . A covered employer cannot refuse to hire a woman because of her pregnancy-related condition, as long as she is able to perform the major functions of her job.

Employers cannot refuse to hire a pregnant woman because of prejudices against pregnant workers.

The PDA protects against pregnancy discrimination for any other aspect of employment, including pay, job assignments, promotions, layoffs, training, fringe benefits, firing, and any other term or condition of employment.

Pregnant employees must be permitted to work as long as they are able to perform their jobs. If a pregnant worker takes leave as a result of a pregnancy- related condition and recovers, her employer may not require her to remain on leave until the baby's birth.

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Mothers of Newborns Have Rights Under Title VII, the PDA, and FMLA.

Further, under the Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA) of 1993, a new parent may be eligible for 12 weeks of leave (unpaid, or paid if the employee has earned or accrued it) that may be used for care of the new child.

And, if a worker is temporarily unable to perform her job due to pregnancy, her employer must treat her the same as any other disabled employee, and provide a reasonable accommodation.

If a worker suffers collateral conditions resulting from pregnancy, these conditions may also qualify as ADA disabilities.

The healthy and safe birth of your child is the most important concern here! Once those concerns are met, secondary concerns focus on your employment. If your pregnancy or FMLA rights are being violated, give us a call to discuss this further. We'd like to help you, if we can. Call us at 775.853.9455.


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Older Workers Have Rights under the ADEA.

According to a Report from the Population Reference Bureau, the number of Americans aged 65 and older is projected to more than double, from 46 million in 2016, to over 98 million by 2060, and the 65-and-older age group’s share of the total population will rise from 15 percent to nearly 24 percent. Age discrimination is unlawful not only at age 65, but at age 40.

Sooner or later, many of us will face the risks of age discrimination in the workplace. Sometimes, employers don't like older workers or think they can't be trained or re-trained. Sometimes older workers are replaced with younger workers.

The ADEA is the Age Discrimination in Employment Act. It provides that no employer with 20 or more employees can discriminate against a job applicant or an employee, on the basis of his or her Age over 40. Such adverse actions include more than not getting hired or being fired.

Adverse actions are defined as those that materially affect the compensation, terms, conditions, or privileges of employment.

This can include: being "laid off"; being demoted or not being promoted; not being trained; being reassigned to a different job or work site, and having your pay cut.

Retaliation is also prohibited under the ADEA. Employers can't punish an employee for opposing an employer's age-discrimination practices or for cooperating in an investigation against the employer for violations of the ADEA.

If you think your ADEA rights are being violated, give us a call to discuss how we might help you. Call us at 775.853.9455.


Image of a woman in a business suit, standing next to a humiliated man, who covers his face with his hands Image of a woman in a business suit, standing next to a humiliated man, who covers his face with his hands
Employers Cannot Ruin You With Lies.

Although employers can provide truthful information about you to prospective employers, they cannot knowingly or recklessly provide false information.

They cannot lie or defame you, which might prevent you from finding other jobs.
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Employers also have to maintain confidentiality of your private information after you leave their employ. This would include records and information about your medical condition and disabilities.

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You also cannot be fired for reasons that violate public policy. If you are fired because you are a whistle-blower, refused to go along with unlawful activity at work, or pursued Worker's Compensation Benefits, your employer might have broken the law.

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Nevada law also protects medical workers against retaliation for expressing patient-safety concerns at the medical facility.

You may recall from Profile 6 on this website that Julio was fired after he expressed patient-safety concerns in moving a patient by himself.

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Attorney Will Geddes.

Attorney Will Geddes is admitted to practice law in Nevada, where he has been practicing since 2000. He is also admitted to practice in the U.S. District Court for the District of Nevada, the U.S. Court of Federal Claims, and the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit.

Throughout his career, Will has handled all aspects of civil litigation, including jury trials and appeals. He brings a wealth of perspective and experience to the firm, including over twenty-five years of exposure to civil litigation—as a paralegal, law clerk, and attorney.

Put us in your corner! Call us at 775.853.9455.


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Will got an early start in litigation, working as a paralegal, and later as a law clerk, in California and Nevada from 1993 to 2000.

As a paralegal, Will assisted in the legal defense of Ford Motor Company and Jaguar Motors, in consumer-litigation cases involving lemon-law and product defects. He also worked to defend Lockheed-Martin in an environmental-law case.

Will attended law school at the University of San Diego from 1995 to 1998. As a law clerk, Will worked for a sole-practitioner, assisting in the handling of personal-injury claims for injured plaintiffs.

During this period, Will also worked at the San Diego District Attorney's Office, assisting with child-support enforcement. This helped low-income, single parents better meet the financial strains of raising their children.

Throughout his legal career, Will has worked in both the government and private sectors.


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As an attorney, Will began his career, working in private practice, from 2000 through 2005. He worked in both Southern Nevada and Northern Nevada, and the needs of his clients were quite varied.

During this period, Will handled cases involving construction defect, insurance defense, construction law, insurance-coverage disputes, and general litigation. This broad-based exposure to litigation provided Will with invaluable legal experience.

During this period, Will honed his deposition skills, taking or defending over 200 depositions of a wide variety of witnesses—including business owners, homeowners, contractors, architects, engineers, and other experts.

Discovery is the heart of trial preparation, and Will obtained significant experience in this critical stage of litigation.


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In late 2005, Will was appointed as a deputy attorney general in the Litigation Division of the Attorney General's Office in Carson City. He was eventually promoted to the position of Senior Deputy Attorney General.

During his tenure at the Attorney General's Office, Will successfully handled civil-rights litigation, in the defense of state government agencies, including the defense and favorable resolution of wrongful-death claims and a class-action suit initiated by the ACLU against the Nevada Department of Corrections.

Will also assisted in the legal defense of the multi-state Tobacco Litigation, which matter was resolved favorably for the State of Nevada.

Will also represented state courts and state-court judges in civil litigation commenced against them. He understands how defense lawyers think. He was one of them.


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In 2014, Will resigned from public practice, to start his own private practice, The Geddes Law Firm, P.C., primarily handling employment and civil rights cases.

Some of the employment-law cases that Will worked on are described on this website, and involved Title-I-ADA and Title VII claims for discrimination, harassment, and retaliation.

In another case, implicating discrimination under Title II of the ADA, Will represented a blind mother, whose child was taken from her custody by the government. Ultimately, with Will's assistance, the blind mother and her child were reunited.

Some of the civil-rights cases that Will worked on involved former jail inmates, who alleged that they were not provided constitutionally-adequate medical care, while in custody, and required emergency medical care upon their release. With Will's help, these cases were resolved.


Image of the Lobby of the Office of the Geddes Law Firm, P.C., in Reno, Nevada
Lobby of Office of The Geddes Law Firm, in Reno, Nevada.

Battles at work are very difficult to endure. You come home exhausted. You go to work exhausted. The stress at work interferes with your ability to do your job.

You're always worried you might be fired.

How long can this go on? It never seems to end! But know this: you are not alone! We are here to help you!

Many others in similar situations have reached out to us, and we have helped them.


The Geddes Law Firm, P.C.
8600 Technology Way, Suite 107
(Phone) 775.853.WILL (9455)
(Fax) 775.299.5337





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Lady Justice Awaits Your Vindication.


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Make Your Job Right.


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Work is Good.


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Work is Good.